Как по английски будет псков

Псков

1 Псков

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См. также в других словарях:

Псков — город, ц. Псковской обл. Расположен при впадении в р. Великую р. Пскова. Впервые упоминается в Повести временных лет под 903 г. в форме Пьсков; под разными датами X XIII вв. Плесков, под 1293 г. Плесков и Пъсков. В качестве исходной признается… … Географическая энциклопедия

Псков — город в России, центр Псковской области, на р. Великая. Железнодорожный узел. 204,2 тыс. жителей (1998). Машиностроение (в том числе электротехническое), лёгкая (льняная, кожевенная, швейная), пищевая промышленность. Педагогический институт.… … Энциклопедический словарь

Псков — др. рус. город. Поставлен на высоком мысу при впадении р. Псковы в р. Великую близ Псковского оз. Первое летописное упоминание относится к 903. До 1348 находился в составе Новгородской феод. республики на положении пригорода. В дальнейшем столица … Российский гуманитарный энциклопедический словарь

Псков — Псков. Вид кремля с Троицким собором. ПСКОВ, город, центр Псковской области, в России. 208,5 тыс. жителей. Железнодорожный узел; аэропорт. Машиностроение и металлообработка; легкая, пищевая промышленность. 2 вуза (в том числе университет). Музей… … Иллюстрированный энциклопедический словарь

Псков — ПСКОВ, город, областной центр в РСФСР (до 1944 районный центр в Ленинградской обл.), пристань на р. Великая. Ж. д. узел. Нас. в 1939 – 60 тыс. чел. (в 1983 – 185 тыс. чел.). В 1940 в П. 11 пром. пр тий (металлообр., льнообрабат., лёгкая … Великая Отечественная война 1941-1945: энциклопедия

ПСКОВ — ПСКОВ, город, центр Псковской обл., на р. Великая. Ж. д. узел. 204,2 тыс. жителей (1998). Машиностроение (в т. ч. электротехническое), лёгкая (льняная, кожевенная, швейная), пищевая промышленность. Педагогический институт. 2 театра. Картинная… … Русская история

Псков — город, центр Псковской области РСФСР. Расположен на р. Великая, при слиянии её c р. Пскова. Впервые упоминается в Лаврентьевской летописи под 903. В XIV XV вв. центр самостоятельного княжества, крупный торгово экономический и культурный… … Художественная энциклопедия

Псков — губ. г., при впадении р. Псковы в Великую, в 15 в. отПсковского озера. Псков стоит на известковой скале, которая во многихместах выступает на поверхность. Реками Великой и Псковой городразделяется на части: а) Большой город (кремль), Средний и… … Энциклопедия Брокгауза и Ефрона

псков — Плесков Словарь русских синонимов. псков сущ., кол во синонимов: 2 • город (2765) • плесков … Словарь синонимов

ПСКОВ — город в Российской Федерации, центр Псковской обл., на р. Великая. Железнодорожный узел. 208 тыс. жителей (1993). Машиностроение (в т. ч. электротехническое), легкая (льняная, кожевенная, швейная), пищевая промышленность. Педагогический институт … Большой Энциклопедический словарь

Псков — іменник чоловічого роду місто в Росії … Орфографічний словник української мови

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Pskov city, Russia

Pskov is one of the oldest cities in Russia located in the north-west of the country, the administrative center of Pskov Oblast and an important tourist center.

Pskov city flag

pskov city flag

Pskov city coat of arms

pskov city arms

Pskov city map, Russia

pskov oblast map

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History of Pskov

Foundation of Pskov

Until the 12th century, Pskov was part of Kievan Rus. After the proclamation of the Novgorod Republic in 1136, Pskov came under its rule. Novgorod and Pskov had common military interests. Several times the Novgorodians and Pskovites had to defend themselves from military campaigns of the Polotsk Principality and attacks of the neighboring Baltic tribes.

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In 1240, Pskov was surrounded by the troops of the Teutonic Order. When they were about to lift the siege and retreat, boyar Tverdilo secretly opened the gates of the town at night, hoping to seize power in Pskov with the help of Germans. For one year and a half, Pskov was in the occupation of the Teutonic Order. In 1242, Pskov was liberated by the army of Alexander Nevsky. The constant danger that threatened Pskov from the west forced to strengthen its fortress.

Pskov in the 15th-18th centuries

In 1425, the Pskovites began to mint their silver coins. The craft in Pskov was less developed than in Novgorod, but there were a lot of skilled craftsmen here too: blacksmiths, masons, tanners, potters, jewelers. The Pskov merchants traded with the Baltic towns and Lithuania, as well as with other Russian towns, especially with Moscow.

The people of Pskov sold flax, leather, fish, honey, wax, furs and bought salt, cloth, iron, metal products, and other goods. The development of trade in Pskov led to the creation of its own monetary system.

From 1461, power in Pskov was concentrated in the hands of Moscow governors. By the end of the 15th century, the population of Pskov was more than 30 thousand people. In 1510, Pskov formally voluntarily, but in fact under the threat of the use of military force, was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The veche bell, the symbol of Pskov independence, was taken to Moscow.

Pskov became a western outpost on the way to Moscow. It also continued to be a major trade and craft center of the Russian state. Various branches of handicraft were developed in Pskov: metalworking, woodworking, processing of plant and animal raw materials, pottery and construction crafts. Large fairs were held in Pskov twice a year, in January and May. Pskov was an important transit point, through which flax, canvas, leather, and cloth were exported, and metals and industrial products were imported.

The Pskov Fortress played an important role in the Livonian War (1558-1583). In August 1581, Polish troops besieged Pskov. After a six-month siege and numerous unsuccessful assaults, Stephen Bathory, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, was forced to start negotiations. His plans for a further campaign against Novgorod and Moscow were thwarted.

During the Great Northern War (1700-1721), Pskov again played an important role in the military history of Russia. In the winter of 1700-1701, the Russian regiments defeated near Narva were withdrawn to Pskov. For a time, it became the main base of the Russian army.

After this war, Pskov ceased to be an important trade and defense center of Russia. As a result of the war, the Russian borders moved far to the west, and the need for a powerful fortress disappeared. With access to the Baltic Sea, Peter I laid St. Petersburg in the Neva delta, and Russia also received the large coastal towns of Riga and Revel, where all foreign trade shifted. Pskov became an ordinary provincial town.

Pskov in the 19th-21st centuries

In 1811, the population of Pskov was about 9,300 people. During the 19th century, the role of Pskov as a town-monument grew. Over 50 churches, chapels and monasteries, medieval civil stone buildings, old dilapidated fortress walls gave the town a special beauty. In 1859, the construction of the railroad boosted the local economy and expanded trade.

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At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the population of Pskov was about 30 thousand people. In 1904, the first power plant was built. In 1912, tram traffic was opened. In 1915, during the First World War, the front line was only 250-300 km away from Pskov. The headquarters of the Northern Front, reserves, hospitals, and logistical services were located in Pskov. The city received tens of thousands of wounded, prisoners of war, and refugees.

On March 2, 1917, Nicholas II, the last Russian emperor, signed a manifesto abdicating the throne in favor of his younger brother Mikhail on the royal train detained at the Pskov station. During the Civil War in Russia, the power in Pskov changed several times. In 1939, the population of Pskov was 60,439 people.

From July 9, 1941 to July 23, 1944, during the Second World War, Pskov was occupied by German troops. At the time of the capture of Pskov, only 10-12 thousand civilians remained in the city. Concentration camps for Soviet prisoners of war were organized here, in which over 200 thousand people died.

On February 4, 1944, the Germans issued an evacuation order. 11 thousand people of Pskov were taken to the Baltic States and Germany, of which about 3 thousand died on the way. On July 23, 1944, the troops of the 3rd Baltic Front entered the practically empty city. Most of Pskov was destroyed, both residential and administrative, industrial buildings, architectural monuments were damaged, bridges and roads were blown up.

On August 23, 1944, Pskov became the center of the newly formed Pskov Oblast. In 1945, Pskov was included in the list of the 15 oldest cities that were subject to priority restoration. By 1950, the main stage of the restoration work was completed. From the late 1950s, Pskov began to develop as a large industrial center. On September 26, 1958, in Pskov, the first birch bark letter was found, dating from 1180-1200 years. In 1959, the population of Pskov was 81,270 people.

In 1989, its population was 203,789. With the collapse of the USSR, a large number of factories were closed, the city’s economy fell into decay. In 2010, Pskov was awarded the honorary title “City of Military Glory”. In 2019, the monuments of medieval Pskov were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Picturesque old churches of Pskov

pskov russia city church

Church of the Assumption of Our Lady in Pskov

Author: Gavrilov Alexandr

pskov city church

Cathedral of the Nativity of John the Baptist in Pskov

Author: Oleg Alexandrov

pskov russia city cathedral

Church of St. Alexander Nevsky in Pskov

Author: Elena Zakamaldina

Pskov is one of the most beautiful and old cities in Russia, which has preserved a lot of unique architectural monuments of the 12th-16th centuries. It is located in the north-west of the country in the center of the Pskov lowland. There are two rivers flowing in the city: the Pskova and Velikaya.

Distances from Pskov to the nearest large cities: St. Petersburg (290 km), Riga (280 km), Tallinn (330 km), Moscow (730 km). Pskov is a large transport junction, which is easily accessible both by rail and by highway. Buses and minibuses are used as the main public transport in Pskov.

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Today’s coat of arms of Pskov is based on the historical coat of arms of the city. The leopard symbolizes the readiness to meet enemies fully armed, the courage of the Pskovites. The blessing hand means the protection of the heavenly forces enhancing the defensive potential of the leopard.

Only within the borders of Pskov there are more than 50 churches, mainly of the 14th-15th centuries. The Pskov land also traditionally attracts a lot of pilgrims. Practically in all historical buildings of Pskov you can find museum expositions.

Today, old crafts are revived by Pskov craftsmen. Thanks to their knowledge and skills, original souvenirs with Pskov themes and motives are created. Traditional Pskov crafts are hand forging (forged candlesticks, nails, staples, and numerous other blacksmith products) and ceramics (pots, mugs, jars, whistles, handmade toys). All of these can be found in local gift shops.

Main Attractions of Pskov

Monument to the Pskov Paratroopers (The Canopy). On February 29, 2000, at the height of the Second Chechen War, in the Argun Gorge, an armed clash took place between large forces of Chechen separatists retreating from the encirclement and a detachment of Russian paratroopers made up mainly of the 6th company of the 2nd battalion of the 104th paratrooper regiment of the 76th Pskov division.

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Псковское

1 Псковское

См. также в других словарях:

Псковское — название населённых пунктов: Россия Псковское село в Ракитянском районе Белгородской области. Псковское посёлок в Краснознаменском районе Калининградской области. См. также Псковское восстание Псковское наместничество Псковское озеро … Википедия

Псковское — княжество. П. обл., издавна заселенная славянскимплеменем, тянулась узкой полосой (ок. 300 вер. в длину и не более 100вер. в ширину) вдоль западной границы новгородских владений. Открытая сзапада и юга для нападений, она являлась ареной борьбы… … Энциклопедия Брокгауза и Ефрона

Псковское озеро — эст. Pihkva järv Координаты: Координаты … Википедия

Псковское областное Собрание депутатов — Псковское областное Собрание депутатов … Википедия

Псковское восстание (1650) — Псковское восстание 1650 года одно из городских восстаний на Руси в середине XVII века, произошедшее в Пскове. Причиной восстания послужил быстрый рост цен на хлеб, из за осуществлявшихся в то время крупных закупок зерна для исполнения… … Википедия

Псковское наместничество — Наместничество Российской империи … Википедия

Псковское археологическое общество — Псковское археологическое общество. Основано в октябре 1880 г. в Пскове для исследования памятников древности и старины, исторических, этнографических и археологических иccледований и изысканий, обозрения и описания собраний древностей и… … Википедия

ПСКОВСКОЕ ОЗЕРО — см. Чудско Псковское озеро … Большой Энциклопедический словарь

ПСКОВСКОЕ ОЗЕРО — ПСКОВСКОЕ ОЗЕРО, см. ЧУДСКО ПСКОВСКОЕ ОЗЕРО. Источник: Энциклопедия Отечество … Русская история

ПСКОВСКОЕ ВОССТАНИЕ — 1650 вызвано спекуляцией хлебом и повышением цен на него с одобрения правительства. 28 29 февраля восставшие (мелкие торговцы, ремесленники, стрельцы, казаки и др.) громили дворы купцов, городской знати и администрации, создали органы управления … Большой Энциклопедический словарь

ПСКОВСКОЕ ВОССТАНИЕ — (1650), городское восстание в Пскове (см. ПСКОВ), вызванное повышением цен на хлеб в связи с большими объема хлебного экспорта в Швецию. Волнения среди псковичей начались 26 27 февраля; 28 29 февраля во время открытого выступления мелких… … Энциклопедический словарь

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